Excavation involves the removal of soil or rock from a site to form an open-faced hole or cavity in the earth’s surface using tools and machines. There are many different types of excavation jobs, including pit excavation, trench work, surface excavations, caving, and wells and drives.
One of the most common types of machinery used to perform this type of work is called an excavator. Sometimes, excavation work also involves grading; occasionally, it may be used to divert water.
Excavation work is typically necessary to some degree in the construction of basements, as well as in the building of roads, highways, and freeways when paths need to be cleared.
Excavation is also required when underground pipes and subway tunnels need to be dug. Sometimes, a significant amount of dirt, rocks, or topsoil simply needs to be moved from one location to another, so excavating work may be needed in such situations as well.
Unfortunately, excavation is one of the most dangerous types of work conducted on construction sites and in public spaces. There are several serious risks and hazards related to excavation work due to the dangerous conditions it often creates through heavy machinery, the movement of vehicles around excavation areas, unprotected edges, loose materials or soil, hidden utilities, and flooding.
Perhaps one of the most significant risks that exist on most excavation sites is the possibility of a cave-in or collapse. Such scenarios can result in severe injuries for many individuals or even mass deaths.
For all of these reasons, it is incredibly important that very strict safety measures are taken whenever an excavation occurs. Fortunately, when proper safety measures are followed, the chance of accidents occurring decreases significantly.
If you want to ensure that your excavation work is always done safely, you should always do the following:
Civil engineers specialize in planning, designing, and constructing various types of infrastructure. If you have an excavation project coming up, consult a civil engineer, as they will be able to help ensure that it is completed safely and efficiently.
Every town and city has its own rules and restrictions when it comes to construction projects involving excavation. Before you begin planning the specifics of your excavation, you should learn all of the necessary permits the city requires you to have by law and start your application for these permits as early as possible.
When excavating at a site where the environment is made of anything other than stable rock, it is necessary to have protective systems trenches over 1.5 meters deep. If you are excavating a trench that is at least 6.1 meters deep, these protective systems must be designed by a registered professional engineer
When your excavation site is regularly inspected by a professional who is competent enough to spot potential hazards and risks, they can point these out and help prevent accidents. These kinds of inspections are particularly necessary after rainstorms.
Before you start excavating, it is always crucial to learn the locations of all the underground gas, electric, water, sewer, and communication pipes and cables near the site.
Not only will digging into and rupturing these kinds of lines have the potential to create a massive mess and delay your project, but it can also pose numerous safety hazards.
In addition to all of the things you should do when you are planning and executing excavation work, there are also many things that are important never to do, including the following:
One of the main things that you should definitely never do while excavating is entering an unprotected trench, as they are more prone to cave-ins, which can happen in a matter of seconds. These kinds of cave-ins lead to hundreds of serious injuries and fatalities annually.
Although the protective systems used in excavation sites, including sloping, shoring, and shielding, are designed to support the weight of the soil or rocks in the environment, they are not suitable for supporting the weight of heavy equipment. Therefore, to avoid collapses, always place your heavy equipment far from the edge.
The excess soil and other materials removed from the ground during an excavation is known as surcharge. This is yet another way to increase the chances of a cave-in. In fact, those materials will only add to the collapse and make things worse.
Even after checking to see the location of utilities in the area near your excavation site and having these spaces marked, it is important to never assume that all of the utilities will be placed at the same depth throughout the entire excavation site. Their depth often depends on when the various parts of the utility were installed or how the terrain has shifted over time.
Another way to ensure that your excavation goes off without a hitch is to ensure that you are using reliable equipment throughout the project’s entirety. If you are in search of excavators for sale in BC, Great West Equipment has a wide selection of both new and used options to choose from that are manufactured by some of the top heavy equipment manufacturers in the world.
We guarantee that we have exactly the excavator you need, no matter what type or scale of excavation projects you require it for. We also have an experienced team of equipment specialists that will help answer any questions you may have regarding our wide stock of excavators, and we have an incredibly helpful sales team that can arrange financing options if necessary.
We can even arrange a free equipment consultation session so that you can fully experience all the incredible features that our excavators have to offer. Our top priority is ensuring that all our customers leave satisfied, and we will do whatever it takes to make that possible.
For more information about the excavators we have for sale, or to learn more about the wide array of other heavy equipment that we have in stock, call Great West Equipment at 1-833-730-0613 or contact us here.