Excavators: Equipment Every Construction Business Needs

Excavators: Equipment every construction business needs

Excavators are essential tools on any job site where heavy loads of soil must be lifted. Known for their bucket, arm, rotating cab, and movable tracks, excavators are popular earthmoving equipment.

The components of this heavy equipment allow it to perform a wide range of functions, including digging trenches and breaking holes, lifting waste, and mine extraction and so much more.

What is the purpose of excavators?

Contractors and industries use excavators for various purposes, including mining, constructing roads, and building and demolishing buildings.

Large excavators are made to handle heavy-duty tasks, while smaller machines perform digging and drilling functions. Consequently, you should consider both the size and speed of the excavator you’re renting and the job site conditions, such as space and soil.

Types of excavators


1. Crawler Excavators

Features: A tank-like chassis and tracked undercarriage are the major features of this machine.

Unlike other large excavators, Crawler excavators are equipped with two large endless tracks that enable them to operate at a higher speed and are ideal for mining and heavy-duty construction jobs. These machines use hydraulic mechanisms to lift heavy soil and debris.

Due to their chain wheel system, they can slide down and scale hills with less risk, making them useful for uneven landscaping terrain, and grading hilly areas.

Generally, crawler excavators are more flexible and stable and provide greater balance than other excavators.

Pros: Offers greater stability and balance on uneven terrain

Cons: Cross-site travel is more time-consuming than other excavators

2. Wheeled Excavators

Features: Stabilizing outriggers and wheels; suitable for excavation projects and road construction.

Unlike crawler excavators, wheeled excavators run on wheels rather than tracks. With wheels instead of tracks, they can be moved more quickly and easily on concrete, asphalt, and other flat surfaces, while still providing the same power.

The most common use is in roadwork and urban projects. Operators can add outriggers to increase stability if the transition is from asphalt or concrete to an uneven surface.

Pros: Easily moves over flat surfaces and is fast

Cons: Does not perform as well on uneven terrain

3. Dragline Excavators

Features: dragline system with unique hoist rope. Dragline excavators are used for underwater excavations, road excavations and pile driving

This excavator is much larger and operates using a different process. The equipment uses a hoist rope system connected to a bucket with a hoist coupler.

In addition, one side of the bucket attaches to a dragline that runs from the bucket to the cab. Hoist ropes lift lower buckets while draglines pull buckets toward the driver.

Because draglines are heavy, they are often built on site. Large, civil engineering projects, such as canal dreading often employ this type of excavator’s unique system.

Pros: Dragline systems are ideal for underwater excavation and canal dredging

Cons: Its size and weight make it unsuitable for smaller jobs

4. Suction Excavators

Features: Its characteristics include a wheeled vehicle with high-pressure vacuum and water jets;

This product is useful for underground and delicate digging projects and debris cleanup.

Suction excavators, or vacuum excavators, employ a suction pipe capable of providing as much as 400 horsepower. After releasing a water jet, the excavator loosens the ground.

Using the pipe’s teeth along the edge, a vacuum is created, capable of transporting soil and debris up to 200 miles per hour.

There are several advantages of using a suction excavator. One of these is that it can significantly reduce the risk of damaging delicate underground objects by more than fifty percent.

Pros: Improved precision reduces damage to delicate jobs

Cons: For large-scale applications, narrow suction pipes are not practical

5. Long Reach Excavators

Features: Large extension arm that can extend from 40 to 100 feet. Used for industrial demolitions and heavy digging

These excavators are most useful in demolition projects, such as crumbling structural elements and breaking down walls over water. The arm can be fitted with an assortment of attachments for performing additional functions such as shearing, crushing, and cutting.

Pros: Especially useful for hard-to-reach areas and demolition jobs

Cons: Hard to manoeuvre in tight spaces

7. Mini Excavators

Features: A compact design with zero tail-swing; Used for delicate terrain and tight job sites

Mini excavators are becoming more popular as contractors look to minimize ground damage and fit through crowded, narrow spaces such as parking lots and indoor locations.

Pros: Can be used inside and fits in tight spaces

Cons: Limited to handling smaller loads

Parts and accessories for excavators

Engine, counterweight, boom, cab, arm, hydraulic cylinder and track frame enable excavators to perform numerous tasks. In addition to hydraulic cylinders, booms, components and attachments, a cab-like structure provides controls for the driver to control the excavator.

Various hydraulic attachments can be used with excavators for multiple purposes. Buckets, drills, breakers, clamps, and quick couplers are more popular attachments.

Excavators come in various types, but their core functions are similar. Almost any construction site requires them because of their lifting and digging abilities.

A great advantage of excavators is that they have reduced construction schedules dramatically while increasing worker efficiency to an unprecedented degree.

By taking advantage of the power and agility of today’s construction excavators, one can now accomplish what used to take months or years in a matter of weeks or days.

When you’re looking for an excavator for sale in BC, contact Great-West Equipment today. You can also call us at 1-855-919-3944 your trusted Volvo Construction Equipment dealer

Share us On:

  • Posted on 17-06-2023 by Bruce

    Very helpful post! They are also more accessible because companies are renting these machines out

  • Posted on 26-05-2023 by Lily Bridgers

    Thank you for letting us know that contractors use excavators for a range of industrial jobs including building roads and demolishing buildings. Speaking of excavators, because I plan to use the property for a new business investment, I will soon need to hire one to remove an abandoned building from the site. I’ll have what you said in mind while I look for excavating equipment for rent for the impending demolition and extraction.

  • Posted on 09-05-2023 by GW Equipment

    That’s fantastic Elle! Wishing you all the best in your demolition and your new investment!

  • Posted on 22-04-2023 by Elle Jones

    We appreciate you informing us that contractors utilize excavators for a variety of industrial tasks, such as building roads and tearing down structures. Speaking of excavators, I will soon need to employ one to remove an abandoned structure from the site since I intend to use the land for a new business investment. When I search for an earthmoving company to engage for the upcoming demolition and excavation, I’ll keep what you stated in mind.

  • Posted on 02-03-2023 by Elina Brooks

    Thank you for letting us know that contractors use excavators for a lot of industrial applications, including constructing roads and demolishing buildings. Speaking of excavators, I need to use one soon to demolish an abandoned building since I’ll be using the land property for a new business investment. I’ll keep what you said in mind while I look for an earthmoving contractor to hire for the demolition and excavation soon.

  • Posted on 27-02-2023 by Sam Andrews

    I was quite curious yesterday when I visited my aunt because she told me about her plan to dig a trench around her front lawn. Thank goodness you reassured us that debris and soil can be transported using crawler excavators. As for me, I think it would be better if she calls a contractor to carry out the task soon after.